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Monument : Montparnasse

Montparnasse

Montparnasse is an area on the left bank of the river Seine, centred at the crossroads of the Boulevard du Montparnasse and the Rue de Rennes, Montparnasse village was absorbed into the capital's 14th district in 1669.
You will find in the area : • Gare Montparnasse – trains to Brittany, Rennes, Tours, Bordeaux, Le Mans • The Montparnasse Cemetery, where Charles Baudelaire, Constantin Brâncuşi, Jean-Paul Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir, Samuel Beckett are buried • Tour Montparnasse the only skyscraper within Paris. The 58 floors of the tower are mainly occupied by offices, while two floors are open to the public for viewing the city; the 56th floor with a restaurant, and the terrace on the top floor.
Its simple architecture, gigantic proportions and monolithic appearance have been often criticised for being out of place in Paris urban landscape and, as a result, two years after its completion the construction of skyscrapers in the city centre was banned.

Around the 20's writers and artists of the avant-garde abandoned Montmartre and moved to Montparnasse, shifting the core of Paris's artistic and cultural life to the area around bd du Montparnasse. Chagall, Modigliani, Miro, Kandinsky, Picasso, Stravinsky, Hemingway, Henry Miller and Cocteau as well as political exiles such as Lenin and Trotsky all hung out here at various times. Montpamasse remained an artistic center until the mid-1930s.
However, the area remains picturesque because of its lively atmosphere at night and of the monumental Montparnasse Tower, built in the 60s. It started as a redevelopment scheme of the Montparnasse and Maine railway stations in 1958 and had strong support from the new government.

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